Evidence Translation and Change
What are the common barriers to evidence translation in addressing this problem?
There are many barriers when it comes to translating evidence into practice. In regards to obesity, the most common barrier to translate evidence-based changes locally, nationally, and globally are the stakeholders. According to Chamberlain College of Nursing, (2020, translating research into practice relies on the clinician knowing who the stakeholders are and getting them involved in the planning stage and in every aspect of the practice change. Some stakeholders may not be conducive to change. In order to adopt and launch a practice change, the change leader has to be able to sell the project to key stakeholders. For a project leader to get others to go along with a practice change, the leader has to be knowledgeable, motivated, and believe in the research he or she is presenting to the stakeholders.
Additional barriers in translating research evidence into this practice problem would cost, available resources, and timing. For instance, it is less likely for individuals living in a low socioeconomic community to prioritize a 30 minutes time slot five days a week for exercising activities. Barriers like work schedules, family commitment, and financial obligations may impede these practices. The lack of motivation may also be a factor. Most individuals may not have a membership to the local gym, and rain and cold weather may prevent walking in the local park. The lack of appropriate lighting in the parks may fend off participation in outdoor activities in the fall and winter months. According to Tucker, the individuals, the location, and the practice itself and have a huge role in influencing evidence-based practice (2017). For an evidence-based practice to be adapted effectively it must be realistic in all public health settings.
What strategies might you adopt to be aware of new evidence?
I would create an interprofessional group to include clinical and research practitioners to discuss new and upcoming research evidence appropriate to the practice problem. Focus groups both locally and nationally as well as globally are great outlets to discover what is working in different areas of healthcare. Small focus group outlets in which to gather people with the same interest to discuss and present new research (Chamberlain College of Nursing 2020). I would sign up for alerts on new research, evidence-based practice interventions, and quality improvement publications on obesity throughout the country and globally. Tucker indicated that research experts are great resources to look into and introduce the latest pieces of evidence (2017). I also believe an expert Ph.D. colleague would be a great mentor to help guide me in this practice problem intervention. Dang and Dearholt indicated that a team approach between DNP and Ph.D. scholars influenced the best clinical outcome.
How will you determine which evidence to implement?
First, I would focus on finding evidence to support my practice intervention, base not only on research but evidence that supports the participants’ cultural values and beliefs. I would look at the available evidence and ask myself, whether this is appropriate for my particular demographic. There are many quality improvements in evidence-based research practice in healthcare that can be pilot to other practice problems. I would look at the data for similarities and tailor it to this particular focus practice problem on a local level. The team would appraise the appropriate data and determine whether it is pertinent to obesity. Most importantly, I would communicate the evidence to all key stakeholders.
How will you ensure the continuation or sustainability of the change?
To ensure continuity and sustainability of the practice change, I would look at the impact the change has had on individual participants, both locally and nationally. Since the intervention is patient-centered, I think it is appropriate to be familiar with the participant’s values and preferences. Without the support and commitment of the participants, the practice problem intervention will be ineffective. Taylor et al. wrote evidence-based practice is a combination of best evidence, patients choice, and the skillfulness of the practitioner (2016). I believed that persons who have had positive outcomes tend to continue to participate in activities more so than those who have had negative experiences. I would continue to involve participants and families in the planning and implementing phase of the intervention. I would also mandate ongoing training to all interprofessional team members. I would reinforce the ongoing review of the evidence to maintain current research. Clear and respectful communication and teamwork are also important in sustaining and continuing change. Evidence-based intervention is being carried out throughout the globe, I believe by working alongside interdisciplinary teams and familiarizing myself with the evidenced available will give me a global sustainability outlook.
Chamberlain College of Nursing. (2020). NR-701 Week 7: Translation of Evidence: Overcoming Barriers [Online lesson]. Downers Grove, IL: Adtalem.
Dang, D., & Dearholt, S. (2018) John Hopkins nursing evidence-based practice model and guidelines (3rded.). Sigma Tetu Tau Intentional.
Taylor M.V., Priefer, B.A. & Alt-White, A.C. (2016). Evidence-based practice: Embracing integration. Nursing Outlook 64(6) 575-582. doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2016.04.004
Tucker, S. (2017) People, practice, and places: Realities that influence evidence-based practice uptake. Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing 14 (2) 87-89. Doi10.111/wvn.12216
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