1. The Patriots funded their rebellion against Britain with loans from France and Holland, but also witha. silver or gold borrowed from ordinary Americans  b.  gold that had been discovered in what later became Kentuckyc. stock certificates sold in London  d. Washington, Jefferson, and Patrick Henry sold their land2. During the war and for several years after Yorktown,  America was governed bya. George Washington  b. the Stamp Act Congressc. the Philadelphia Convention  d. the Articles of Confederation 3. Which of these is NOT true of the first American government? a. had 2, not 1 president  b. it could not directly get tax money from the people c. each of the 13 states could veto its decisionsd. it had little authority over trade4.What is NOT a reason why the economy of the new, independent USA was bad after the war ended?a.  the huge loss of life during the fighting reduced consumer demand  b. spending for war was cut backc. USA lost access to British markets  d. newly independent state governments taxed Americans5.What happened to many Americans who had lent their hard-earned gold and silver to the Patriot cause?a. the British government generously accepted the bonds at face value  b. they sold the bonds to nativesc. short of money, they sold them for a fraction of their value  d. they all kept their bonds and eventually tripled their money 6. Shay’s Rebellion (Massachusetts, 1786-7)  was caused by a. high British taxes  b.  Indian attacksc. high American taxes  d.  English attacks 7. The US Constitution was created partly because of a. Shay’s Rebellion and economic chaosb. huge Native American attacks c. low British taxes  d. tariffs that were too high and too many cheap English goods 8.  The majority of the 55 people who secretly wrote the US Constitution were a. governors  b. soldiersc. lawyers d. printers  e. priests 9.  40 of the 55 people who secretly wrote the US Constitution had a. huge southern plantations  b. large numbers of slaves c. American bond holdings  d. big New England factories 10. Which of these was NOT a benefit of the US Constitution for its rich 55 creators a. creation of a central bank  b. authority to recapture escaped slaves c. slaves, though exploited and powerless, are counted in the US census so their states get more power d. strong authority created to collect taxes  e. importation of more slaves is immediately forbidden11.Transforming the secret plan (the Constitution) into law by voting in the 13 states wasmade easier by all of these factors EXCEPT:a. anti-Federalist groups were large, disorganized and surprised  b. Federalist groups were small, rich, organized and unitedc. Federalists agreed to add the Bill of Rights to the Constitution  d. slowing down the voting process as much as possiblee. Federalists controled or influenced the newspapers12.The ONLY TIME that the Constitution was voted on by more than a few hundred people, in a more open vote, the result wasa. a huge victory for the pro-Constitution, Federalists  b. a narrow victory for the pro-Constitution, Federalists c. a huge defeat for the pro-Constitution, Federalists  d. a narrow defeat for the anti-Constitution, Anti-Federalists 13. During 32 of it first 36 years, the USA was led by presidents who owned these a. wheat farms  b. slaves  c. merchant companies  d. canal enterprises 14. Under the new Constitution, American citizens, IF they were male, old enough, and had property could vote for a. President  b. Senators  c. Representatives  d. all of these 15. In the first US presidential election in 1789, less than 39,000 people (or 1 person out of 100) voteda. TRUE  b. FALSE 16. According to Alexander Hamilton, the federal government shoulda  a. help economic diversification and development b. extend democracyc  c. redistribute personal wealth  d. provide for public welfare 17. Which of Hamilton’s proposals was attacked by Jefferson and Madison as being unconstitutional? a. tax on whiskey  b. creation of a bankc. protective tariffsd. US government assuming state debts 18. When the US leaders suddenly decided to buy back its bonds from speculators, they got the $$$ from a. the Britishb. gold from the Indians  c. taxing farmer’s whiskey  d. Holland 19. The US Constitution does not specifically give the government the right to create and run a BANKa.TRUE   b. FALSE 20. “I sincerely believe … that banking establishments are more dangerous than standing armies, and that the principle of   spending money to be paid by posterity, under the name of funding, is but swindling futurity on a large scale”   Who said it? a. John Adams  b. Thomas Jefferson  c. George Washington  d. John Wayne  e. Patrick Henry 21. A very prominent American politician from Virginia was at first against the Bank of the USA, but suddenly changed his   mind and voted for it in 1790 when… a. Benjamin Franklin proved mathematically the enormous benefits of banking for the USb. War with Great Britain again resumed and required large amounts of moneyc. Hamilton agreed to build the home city of the Federal Government (Washington DC) in Virginiad. Hamilton threatened to reveal the hours he spent on the ‘Neopets’ website22. Originally, the US Constitution did not guarantee people freedom of speech, etc; the Bill of Rights was added later when people complained a. TRUE  b. FALSE23. Which of these is NOT TRUE about the NorthWest Ordinance of 1787?a. slavery in the US would end in 1820  b. new states would be createdc. speculators would buy huge amounts of land cheap  d. there would be war with the Indians24. Southern states supported the power of the new government to tax foreign goods in exchange fora. keeping slavery  b. paying Southern debts  c. peace with France  d. putting the national capital in Virginia25. New England wanted a tariff toa. help sell British goods  b. increase their factory profitsc. reduce competition from New York  d. reduce slavery26. For Hamilton and the Federalists, creating a bank and paying off US debt was important formaking America strong, and perhaps also because…a. they had bought up much of this debt for pennies on the dollarb. the British had bribed the Federalists to pay off the debtsc. strongly religious, they viewed any contract as sacred d. most of the debt was owed to Indians27. Policy of the new American federal government towards Indians causeda. waves of settlers, protected by the army, to gradually push tribes off their landb. use of the US army to systematically exterminate the tribesc. reservation of small, but high quality lands for the tribesd. purchasing of tribal land by the US government at fair prices28.  ‘Assumption’ a move by the Federal Government to ‘glue’ the nation together wasa. paying Federal AND state bond debts  b.  paying Federal, state debts and debts to Nativesc. ratifying the Constitution  d.  Peace with France29. Hamilton announced that depreciated bonds would be paid off at 100%, establishing the USA’s credit (and enriching Hamilton’s Wall Street friends) and the government would get the necessary funds bya. taxing whiskey and forcing American consumers to pay higher prices for domestic goods (by taxing foreign goods)b. utilizing the large quantities of gold and silver mined in the Appalachian mountainsc. taking out a huge high interest loan in London (basically paying off one ‘credit card’ with another ‘credit card’)d. establishing a graduated income tax where rich people paid a higher percentage than poor americans 30. A very important factor that influenced the USA in the period 1789-1818 wasa.    a. massive war/tension i
n Europeb. large-scale slave revolts in the Southc.  great numbers of Native Americans moving to US cities  d. war between Spain and the USA31. The Washington’s policy in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars was basically:a. pro-French  b. pro-British  c. pro-revolution  d. pro-Napoleon32. In 1794, the US government raised taxes and sent a 13,000 man army (bigger than any American army used against  the British during the revolution) against  a. the British who had re-started the war b. the Seminole native tribe of Floridac. American frontier farmers  d. French military forces near New Orleans33. In 1799 American farmers from Pennsylvania rebelled against the US Federal government becausea. the Federal government was strongly protecting Native American tribal landsb. the Federal government was taxing houses to fund a war against France, a fellow democracyc. the Federal government was using its authority to allow freed blacks to settle on the frontierd. the Federal government forced Pennsylvania to accept merchandise from Virginia34. Under the Federalist president, John Adams, who came after Washington, the governmenta. became much friendlier to France, because of Napoleon’s military success and wealthb. ended the slave trade due to pressure from Great Britainc. organized a combined US and Native American attack on Canada (to try and kill Justin Bieber’s ancestors)d. continued Washington’s and Hamilton’s pro-business pro-British policies35. Even though the ink on the Constitution’s Bill of Rights was hardly dry, the Federalist governmenta. did not ask Congress before declaring war on revolutionary Franceb. jailed some Americans and closed some newspapers for criticizing the governmentc. ignored guarantees to Southerners and began freeing slavesd. refused to pay off US government bonds36. Which of these is NOT an ironic truth about the new US federal government under Washington and Adams?a. it was friendly to democratic, revolutionary France  b. it was friendly with royalist ex-enemy, Englandc. it taxed Americans more painfully than England hadd. it used force against Americans to limit free speeche. it used force against  ordinary Americans to pay taxes which then funded a small elite of rich bondholders37. Hamilton, first Secretary of the Treasury, believed that national debt was good becausea. the Federal government was rich and  had no problem paying its billsb. paying back debt would build US credit, and  ‘glue’ the nation togetherc. the Federal government would simply refuse to pay it backd. the British government would be forced to pay the debts instead38. In 1800, the Federalist president Adams lost to the Anti-Federalist Jefferson in part becausea. Federalists had raised taxes  b. Jefferson’s good looks and personalityc. the Anti-Federalists promised war against the hated Frenchd. the Anti-Federalist promised increased friendship with Britain39. Just before leaving office, president John Adamsa. made a friendship and trade treaty with Britain b. appointed many Federalist judgesc. hid a very large peanut butter jelly sandwich somewhere in the oval officed. cancelled the unpopular taxes  e. declared war on Britain40. Why is John Marshall important?a. he cast the decisive vote in the election of 1800 between Adams and Jeffersonb. he was the only chief justice ever impeached because of his misdeeds under Adamsc. he became president of the USA when Washington diedd. he pushed Federalist policies for 30 years after his Federalist party had been defeatede. he invented the ‘Marshall Stack’


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